The lowdown Cow's milk allergy (also known as cow's milk protein allergy or CMPA) is an abnormal response by the body's immune system in which proteins in cow's milk are seen as a potential threat. This can cause the immune system to be'sensitised', which means there is the potential that when cow's milk is consumed, the immune system remembers this protein and reacts to it by producing allergic symptoms, which can happen immediately after feeding or at a later time (identified as a delayed reaction).
Incidence rate in epidemiology can be confusing to say the least. In healthcare and the study of disease, an incidence rate refers to the rate of newly diagnosed cases of a disease or illness. It is generally reported as the number of new cases occurring within a certain period of time.
What is ophthalmology? Ophthalmology is a branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of disorders of the eyes and visual system. Ophthalmologists are specialists in medical and surgical eye disease, and look after a wide scope of patients ranging from premature babies to the most senior members of the population.
There are almost 286,000 nurses in the UK, with the majority working for the NHS. Nurses work across all demographics to fulfill the requirements of the public in a variety of settings, from hospitals and health centres to nursing homes and hospices across a range of specialties and subspecialties such as respiratory, diabetes, neurology, cardiology and more. As well as working in multidisciplinary teams across different bands, nurses are increasingly found working independently, too - and with so many nurses working across so many specialities across so many bands, it can be tricky to keep up with who does what and know who to reach out to for medical market research. But don't worry, that's what we're here for! Read on for our handy guide to NHS nurse bandings in the UK healthcare system;