Author: Emma Garside

Cystic Fibrosis (CF) is a disease with an unusual history. In the past, the condition was often diagnosed by mothers who noticed their baby's skin tasted salty when kissed, a symptom scientists used to develop the first diagnostic test in the later 20th century.

In 1981, when doctors started to notice that an increasing number of gay men were succumbing to opportunistic infections, alarm bells began to ring, yet few could have guessed the terrible impact and global reach of the human immunodeficiency virus. Since then, an estimated 39 million people have died from AIDS-related illnesses, including 1.5 million people in 2013.

Although often thought of as a modern condition, the key symptoms of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) were first described over 2,000 years ago.

10 of Queen Victoria's descendants, including her son Prince Leopold and three of her grandchildren, suffered from, and died, of haemophilia.

In the 19th century, George the III's grandson was thought to have multiple sclerosis (MS) The field of MS has come a long way since then. In fact, with the addition of new cutting-edge therapies over the last few years, it is one of the most fast-moving, and exciting fields to be working in. At GKA we've certainly seen a vast change over the 25 years we have been conducting medical fieldwork in multiple sclerosis.